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Healthy communities - Data/Research

Perspectives from Main Street: The Impact of COVID-19 on Communities and the Entities Serving Them

This report provides insight into the scope and scale of challenges that U.S. communities are facing amid the COVID-19 pandemic. It summarizes the findings of a nationwide survey of nonprofit organizations, financial institutions, government agencies, and other community organizations. The survey was conducted in early April by the 12 Federal Reserve Banks and the Board of Governors. It saw nearly 3,900 respondents serving urban, suburban, and rural communities.

5th District Footprint: The Opioid Epidemic iin the Fifth District

This issue of 5th District Footprint examines opioid prescription rates and drug overdose mortality rates in the Fifth District.

5th District Footprint: The Community Reinvestment Act and Medically Underserved Areas /Populations in the Fifth District

This issue of 5th District Footprint examines Fifth District census tracts eligible for Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) investment and designated as Medically Underserved Areas/Populations (MUA/Ps) by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).

Can Community Development Improve Health? Emerging Opportunities for Collaboration between the Health and Community Development Sectors

The two sectors of community development and health have long worked in the same neighborhoods, but they have not always worked together. This is starting to change, due in part to a growing recognition among health experts of the social determinants of health—the social, economic, and environmental factors that drive health outcomes. This discussion paper reviews early lessons on how to build a successful health and community development partnership, including an examination of the incentives for community developers, health professionals, state and local governments, and philanthropy to participate in these collaborations.

Challenging the Kentucky ‘Uglies’

Two Cleveland Fed analysts examine how organizations such as Kentucky Homeplace have been working in eastern Kentucky to reduce health disparities and build a healthier and more productive population and a stronger regional economy.

5th District Spotlight: Social Determinants of Health in the Fifth District

In this issue of 5th District Spotlight, the Richmond Fed looks at social and economic conditions that may directly or indirectly affect health outcomes. Research shows that factors such as a quality education, stable employment, safe surroundings, access to healthy food, transportation options, internet connectivity, and preventative and support services may contribute to individual physical health, as well as to overall health-related quality of life for a community.

Taking Stock of New Supermarkets in Food Deserts: Patterns in Development, Financing, and Health Promotion

Across the U.S., neighborhoods face disparate healthy food access, which has motivated federal, state, and local initiatives to develop supermarkets in “food deserts.” Differences in the implementation of these initiatives are evident, including the presence of health programming, yet no comprehensive inventory of projects exists to assess their impact. Using a variety of data sources, this Working Paper from the San Francisco Fed provides details on all supermarket developments under “fresh food financing” regimes in the U.S. from 2004-2015.

Exploring the Correlations between Health and Community Socioeconomic Status in Chicago

Research demonstrates that where you live, and the socioeconomic conditions present in that place, determine individual-level health outcomes. Using community level data available through the City of Chicago Data Portal, as well as aggregated census tract level economic data compiled by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, this article explores community-level socioeconomic status conditions and corresponding health outcomes in Chicago’s 77 communities.

Fourth Quarter 2014 LMI Survey Report

The Kansas City Fed's biannual survey measures the economic conditions of low- and moderate-income (LMI) populations and the organizations that serve them. LMI individuals have incomes below 80 percent of the area median income, which is defined as the metropolitan median income for urban residents and state median income for rural residents.

What Counts: Harnessing Data for America’s Communities

With 90 percent of the world’s data generated in just the past two years, What Counts: Harnessing Data for America’s Communities challenges policymakers, funders, and practitioners across sectors to seize this new opportunity to revolutionize our approaches to improve lives in low-income communities. This book from the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and the Urban Institute provides a roadmap for the strategic use of data to reduce poverty, improve health, expand access to quality education, increase employment, and build stronger and more resilient communities. Videos from the launch event on December 4, 2014, are available on the San Francisco Fed's Community Development YouTube channel.


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