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Workforce Development and Human Capital - Publications


CALL FOR PAPERS | Renewing the Promise of the Middle Class

The Call for Papers is now open for “Renewing the Promise of the Middle Class,” the 2019 Federal Reserve System Community Development Research Conference. Abstracts or drafts are due no later than October 9, 2018. The conference will share research on factors influencing the financial and socioeconomic status of individuals and families and is open to research on topics that use various definitions of middle class, as well as papers that speak to relevant issues but do not explicitly use “middle class” in their framing. Of particular interest is research that explores specific challenges and opportunities for specific subgroups, including lower-income, minority, young-adult, elderly, rural or other diverse populations.

Next Generation Sector Partnerships: A Series of Case Studies

These case studies from the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas take a look at cross-sector partnerships that advance workforce and economic competitiveness in five regions: Rio Grande Valley, Texas; West Central Texas; Northeast Louisiana; Lane County, Oregon; and East Bay, California.

Trouble Finding Workers? The Answer May Be Transit

The Cleveland Fed traveled to Dayton, Ohio and learned that residents’ ability to get to work, often referred to as job access, was not just a challenge for residents of a public housing facility, but was a challenge repeated throughout West Dayton and in Cincinnati by employers, nonprofit organizations, and philanthropic leaders, too. 

The Opioid Epidemic and Its Effects: A Perspective on What We Know from the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Drug overdoses are now the leading cause of death for Americans under 50. In the Fourth Federal Reserve District states of Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia, opioid overdose deaths are at least 1.5 times more frequent than the national average. This report details what the Cleveland Fed has learned about the opioid epidemic and specifically, its effect on workers’ participation in the labor force.

How do Firms Respond to Hiring Difficulties?

Using data from the Federal Reserve Banks' 2017 Small Business Credit Survey (SBCS), this paper investigates the various ways in which different types of firms with less than 500 employees experience and address hiring difficulties, including when they decide to increase compensation.

The results provide insight for policymakers trying to understand the linkage between compensation, labor market tightness, and productivity. Further, the variation in hiring difficulties across firm industry, education requirement, and geographic location informs economic and workforce development practitioners and policymakers working to develop targeted interventions.

Bridges — Winter 2017-2018

Bridges is a quarterly review of regional community and economic development issues, projects, and regulatory changes for practitioners from community-based organizations, as well as for CRA officers, academics, and government officials that work in the Eighth Federal Reserve District. Feature articles in the Winter 2017-2018 issue include: New St. Louis Fed Tool Dives Deep into Community Investment; Cash on Hand Is Critical for Avoiding Hardship; Connecting a Memphis Community to the Built Environment through Equity; Investment Connection: The St. Louis Fed’s New Approach to CRA; CRA: An Examiner’s Perspective – Questions to Ask Workforce Development Partners; and more.

Community Pulse (December 2017)

This issue of the Community Pulse presents the findings from our 2017 survey. Amount of/and or access to affordable housing, skill level of local labor force and general poverty were the top three current issues in the fifth district.

5th District Footprint: The Opioid Epidemic iin the Fifth District

This issue of 5th District Footprint examines opioid prescription rates and drug overdose mortality rates in the Fifth District.

Uneven Opportunity: Variation in Employers' Educational Preferences for Middle-Skills Jobs

Opportunity occupations are jobs that pay more than the national median annual wage, as adjusted by local cost of living, and are generally accessible to workers without a college degree. As such, they provide crucial opportunities for middle-skill workers to enter the middle class. This article spotlights research findings that show that where workers live has a significant impact on the availability and accessibility of well-paying jobs that do not require a bachelor's degree. 

The Promise and Reality of Apprenticeship Programs in the United States

Apprenticeships have the potential to improve economic opportunity for workers who lack a traditional college education. This article assesses the state of apprenticeships in the Southeast and nationally.

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