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Data/Research - Community Development Resources

The Rise of Underemployment: Supporting the Needs of Low-Income Workers

In 2016, the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco held a series of roundtable discussions across the Western states to examine drivers of the recent rise in involuntary part-time employment and the impact it has on lower-income households. This paper summarizes existing research on the topic of underemployment, discusses themes that surfaced during the locally focused meetings, and proposes ways to address the underlying causes through solutions that build on the interrelated nature of housing, jobs, transportation, and child care.

Watermen Workforce Challenges and Opportunities: Lessons from the Chesapeake Bay Region

The third issue of Community Scope 2016 will offer a broad overview of the challenges faced by today’s watermen that may be precipitating their declining numbers and will discuss alternative and supplemental employment options that may be available to them.

The Geographic Scope of CDFI Activity in the Southeast

The second issue of Community Scope 2016 examines the patterns in geographic service provision by respondent CDFIs in urban, rural, low- and moderate-income (LMI), underserved and distressed markets and areas.

Community Development Financial Institutions in the Southeast: Surveying the Social Investment Landscape

Volume 4, Issue 1 2016 of Community Scope uses the results of the 2015 survey to present timely key findings on CDFI activity in the Southeast, including capitalization, demand, capacity, non-lending programs and services, and impact investing.

Community Pulse (October 2016)

This issue of the Community Pulse presents findings from our 2016 survey. Access to affordable housing, availability of local job options, and improving the quality of K-12 education ranked among the top three issues in the Fifth District.

Fifth District Footprint: Real Mean Income Change in the Fifth District

Unequal growth at the ends of the income distribution has received much attention in recent years, but what income trend has the middle quintile experienced since the Great Recession? The March 2017 issue of 5th District Footprint examines this change in real mean income.

Neighborhood Change in the Fourth Federal Reserve District: A Multivariate Approach

How often does the character of a neighborhood change, and what are the most common types of neighborhood change? A Cleveland Fed researcher has attempted to shed light on those two questions by looking at four cities (Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, and Pittsburgh) over a 40-year period (1970-2010).

Broadband and High-speed Internet Access in the Fourth District

How accessible is high-speed internet across the Fourth District states of Kentucky, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia? Two Cleveland Fed researchers examine through analysis and maps what's being considered a new form of infrastructure.

How Low Can Employment Growth Go without Boosting the Unemployment Rate in Fourth District States?

The nation continues to add jobs as the economic recovery continues, but employment growth is slowing, and even reversing, in some states, including those in the Fourth Federal Reserve District. How will this impact the District’s unemployment rate? In this January 2017 feature, a Cleveland Fed researcher examines five employment growth scenarios to find out.

Quarterly Debt Monitor (Vol. 1, Issue 3)

In this third issue of the Quarterly Debt Monitor, which focuses on the third quarter of 2016, the St. Louis Fed finds consumer debt growth stalling in the four largest metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) in the St. Louis Fed's District (St. Louis, Little Rock, Ark., Louisville, Ky, and Memphis, Tenn.) and across the United States. Additionally, a special section is included in the issue that focuses on consumer debt trends in some of the smaller MSAs in the District, including Evansville, Ind.-Ky.; Fayettevillle-Springdale-Rogers, Ark.-Mo.; Jackson, Tenn.; and Springfield, Mo.


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